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Lyndhurst Infant School

Lyndhurst Infant School


The expectation for children in Reception at the end of the year is to know about similarities and differences in relation to places, objects, materials and living things. They talk about the features of their own immediate environment and how environments might vary from one another. They make observations of animals and plants and explain why some things occur, and talk about changes.

The expectation with the new curriculum is that children in Key Stage 1 need to:

Location Knowledge

  • Name and locate the world’s seven continents (North America, South America, Europe, Africa, Asia, Australia and Antarctica) and five oceans (Pacific Ocean, Atlantic Ocean, Indian Ocean, Southern Ocean and Artic Ocean).
  • Name, locate and identify characteristics of the four countries (Wales, Ireland, Scotland and England) and capital cities of the United Kingdom and its surrounding seas.

Place Knowledge

  • Understand geographical similarities and differences through studying the human and physical geography of a small area of the United Kingdom, and of a small area in a contrasting non-European country.

Human and Physical Geography

  • Identify seasonal and daily weather patterns in the United Kingdom and the location of hot and cold areas of the world in relation to the Equator and the North and South Poles.
  • Use basic geographical vocabulary e.g. beach, cliff, coast, forest, hill, mountain, sea, ocean, river, soil, valley, city, town, village, factory, farm, house, office, port, harbour.

Geographical skills and fieldwork

  • Use maps, atlases, globes to find the UK and other countries, continents and oceans.
  • Use a simple compass directions (North, South, East, and West).
  • Recognise landmarks from aerial photographs.

Geography is taught through a cross curricular way and is often linked closely to the topic your child is covering in class. However, with the recent expectations in the new curriculum, subject knowledge is very important. If you want to practise naming continents or oceans please see these links to Geography games below:

Espresso and Purple Mash both have Geography games which are accessible from home using your child’s log on and password.

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